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|Title:||Person’s Constructive Behavior in Emergencies|
|Authors:||Polishchuk, S. A.|
|Publisher:||International Journal of Education and Science|
|Series/Report no.:||Vol. 3, No. 2, 2020;|
|Abstract:||1. Only a conscious connection of the behavior with internal motives contributes to the constructive self-organization of a person in an emergency. Conditions for “involving” constructive behavior into such situation are as follows: 1) experiencing discomfort; 2) realizing the causes of discomfort which arises from the violation of their own needs (“what (!) is missing”); 3) outlining a meaningful goal (strategy); 4) detailed behavior planning for the implementation of a meaningful goal taking into account the conditions of the activity; 5) forecasting possible adverse effects of the planned behavior; 6) organizing behavior in accordance with the meaningful goals and predicted consequences. 2. Constructive behavior should be 1) “motivated+” (such behavior is one of the important stages of the volitional self-regulation which is accompanied by a decrease in indicators of the emotional stress) and 2) “organized goal+” (F. Vasylyuk). 3. It is the emotional self-regulation that reduces the emotional tension. This creates objective conditions for forming constructive behavior as an energy-saving and transformative mechanism for building new “development tasks” in real situations of threat to human life and health. 4. It was previously stated that there are four types of the emotional self-regulation (S. Polishchuk): 1st type (“Sensitive”): tendency to self-observation, immersion in inner experiences, understanding their own needs, desire for harmony; 2nd type (“Conservative”): deep sensitivity to the outside world, developed affective memory, persistent habits, the violation of which causes persistent discomfort; 3rd type (“Risky”): willingness to change, leaving the comfort zone, courage to change life circumstances, looseness; 4th type (“Dependent”): focus on relationships, dependence on external evaluations, focus on compliance with the existing rules. 5. Understanding a person’s belonging to a certain type of emotional self-regulation allows us to understand the scale of the consequences of being in an emergency situation and the objective ability to behave constructively in it.|
|Appears in Collections:||Vol. 3, No. 2, 2020|
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